Language formalities
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Akkadian dictionary

In the lists below, only the stem of the words has been shown, since the endings are largely determined by the gender and context of the word in question. So 'father' is listed as ab- rather than abum. This basically means that endings -um and -ûm have been omitted. Dual and other less expected endings have been kept.

Akkadian English
ab-N father
abbutt-N slave-lock
abull-N city gate
ach-N brother
adadN Adad (storm-god)
adiuntil / as far as / together with / as long as
ajjûmwhich / what?
alâkumV to go
âl-N city
ammat-N cubit
anato
ana mînim / ammînimWhy?
anâkuI
anummanow / herewith
annûmthis
archishquickly
arn-N sin / crime / punishment
ashr-N place
ashshat-N wife
ashsh-because of, concerning, because
awât-N word
awîl-N man
balâtumV to live
bâni- / ban-N builder / maker
baqârumV to claim legally
bashûmV to be
bel-N lord
belt-N lady, mistress
bîsh-N possession
bît-N house
bullutsumV to heal / give life to
dabâbumV to speak
damqum/damiqtumA good
dannum / dannatumA strong, powerful
dârium / dârûmA (ever)lasting
dayyân-N judge
dîn-N judgement / legal case
ekall-N palace
elion, upon
ellumA pure / holy
elûmV to go up
elîshuon it
emûqânN strength of arms
eql-N field
errêsh-N (tenant-)farmer
erret-N curse, malediction
ertset-N earth
etêqumV to pass
etsent-N bone
ezzum / ezzetumA angry
gigun- / gigunâ'N terrace-temple
gimill-N favour
gullubumV to shave / shave off
gitmâlumA perfect, noble
chalâqumV to be lost / destroyed / perish
chatt-N staff / sceptre
chulluqumV to destroy
chulq-N lost object
id-N arm / side
idûmV to know
il- / ilat-N god
immer-N sheep
în- / înân (dual)N eye / eyes
inain, among, from within, with
inûmaWhen
ishât-N fire
ishd-N foundation (often dual)
ishtufrom
ittiwith
its-N tree / wood
kabtum / kabittumA heavy / honored / important (person)
kadrumA wild, fierce
kal-N totality / entirety
kamârumV to pile up / heap up
karâbumV to bless / greet / pray
kasp-N silver
kashâd-V to reach / arrive at / conquer
kî'amThus / as follows
kîmaas, like, as, that, when
kir- / kiri'-N orchard / garden
kitt-N truth / justice
kunukk-N cylinder seal
khurâts-N gold
not
labâshumV to put on / wear
labîrumA old
lâmaBefore
lamâdumV to learn / teach
lapâtumV to touch
libitt-N brick
libb-N heart / center / middle
lîm-N thousand
lû ... lûEither ... or
mâ'û (later, mû)Pl. N water
machârumV to face / encounter
magârumV to agree
machr-N front
makhâtsumV to beat / strike
mannumwho?
martsum / marushtumA sick / difficult / painful
maqâtumV to fall
mârt-N daughter
mâr-N son
mât-N land
mêresht- (from hrt)N cultivation / field
mînum / minûmwhat?
mishar-N justice
mûsh-N night
mushtâlum (from sh'l)A prudent
nadânumV to give
nadûmV to throw
nagâsumV to please / agree
nakâsumV to cut down / cut off
namkûr- (from mkr)N possession
nar-N stele
natsârumV to guard / keep
nidint- / niditt-N gift
nishûN people
nish-N oath / life
nukhsh-N abundance
palâkhumV to fear / reverence
pân-N front (plural - face)
pulucht-N fear
paqâdumV to care for
parâsumV to cut / divide
pashâtumV to erase / efface
petsûmA white
pûmN mouth
purussâ'- / puruss-N decision
pushq-N difficulty
qât-N hand
qîst-N present / gift
qabûmV to say
rabûm / rabitumA great
ragâmumV to claim / raise a legal claim
rapâshumV to be broad
rê' (from r'i)N shepherd
rê'ût-N shepherdship
richitst-N inundation
rîm-N beloved
rîm-N wild bull
rîshân (dual)N top
rîsh-N head
ritt-N wrist / hand
rubâ'- / rub-N prince / noble
sanâqumV to come close
sapchum / sapichtumA scattered
sarrumA false / lying
sinN Sin ( moon-god)
sinnisht-N woman
shaWho / whom / which
shadâlumV to be wide
shakânumV to put / place / set
shâlumV to ask
shakn-N governor
shalsh-N three
shalusht-N one third
shamashN Shamash (sun-god)
shamâ'û / shamûN sky / heavens
shamm-N plant
shamn-N oil
shanûm / shanîtumA second / other
shapârumV to send (a letter)
shaqâlumV to weigh out / pay
shâr-N wind
sharâkumV to present / give
sharâq-N thief
sharâqumV to steal
sharr-N king
sharrat-N queen
sharrût-N kingship
shasûmV to cry
shatârumV to write
shatt-N year
she'-N barley
shebêrumV to break
shêpân (dual)N feet
shikar-N beer
shinn-N tooth
shipr-N work
shiql-N shekel
shizb-N milk
shû / shuâti / shiâtithat
shubt-N seat / dwelling
shuklulumV to perfect / complete
shulm-N wholeness / health
shumlu'-V to fill
shum-N name / offspring
shummaif
shûnûtithose
shûqurum / shûqurtumA very costly / precious
shurshudumV to found firmly
tamchâr-N battle
tamkâr-N merchant
têrt- (from w'r)N command / omen
tarâdumV to send (a person)
têm-N news / report / decision
titt-N clay
tupp-N (clay-)tablet
tsechrum / tsechertumA small
tsabâtumV to seize
tsalmumA black
tsibt- (from tsbt)N agricultural holding / property
tsibt- (from wtsb)N interest (on capital)
tsîrum / tsîrtumA exalted
tsubât-N garment / mantle
uand
ûor
ulnot
ullûmthat
ûm-N day
umm-N mother
ummathus (says)
uzn-N ear
walâdumV to bear / give birth to
ward-N slave / servant
warkîafter
warqumA green / yellow-green
washâbumV to sit / dwell
washtumA difficult / hard / fierce
watarfurther / excessively
zakârumV to speak / say / name
zêr-N seed
zikar- / zikr-N male / man
zitt-N share (of property)
English Akkadian
N abundancenukhsh-
N Adad (storm-god)adad
afterwarkî
V to agreemagârum
N agricultural holding / propertytsibt- (from tsbt)
andu
A angryezzum / ezzetum
N arm / sideid-
as, like, as, that, whenkîma
V to askshâlum
N barleyshe'-
N battletamchâr-
V to bebashûm
V to bear / give birth towalâdum
V to beat / strikemakhâtsum
because of, concerning, becauseashshum
N beershikar-
Beforelâma
N belovedrîm-
A blacktsalmum
V to bless / greet / praykarâbum
N boneetsent-
V to breakshebêrum
N bricklibitt-
V to be broadrapâshum
N brotherach-
N builder / makerbâni- / ban-
V to care forpaqâdum
N cityâl-
N city gateabull-
V to claim legallybaqârum
V to claim / raise a legal claimragâmum
N claytitt-
V to come closesanâqum
N command / omentêrt- (from w'r)
V to cryshasûm
N cubitammat-
N cultivation / fieldmêresht- (from hrt)
N curse, maledictionerret-
V to cut / divideparâsum
V to cut down / cut offnakâsum
N cylinder sealkunukk-
N daughtermârt-
N dayûm-
N decisionpurussâ'- / puruss-
V to destroychulluqum
A difficult / hard / fiercewashtum
N difficultypushq-
N earuzn-
N earthertset-
Either ... orlû ... lû
V to erase / effacepashâtum
A (ever)lastingdârium / dârûm
A exaltedtsîrum / tsîrtum
N eye / eyesîn- / înân (dual)
V to face / encountermachârum
V to fallmaqâtum
A false / lyingsarrum
N (tenant-)farmererrêsh-
N fatherab-
N favourgimill-
N fearpulucht-
V to fear / reverencepalâkhum
N feetshêpân (dual)
N fieldeql-
V to fillshumlu'-
N fireishât-
V to found firmlyshurshudum
N foundation (often dual)ishd-
fromishtu
N frontmachr-
N front (plural - face)pân-
further / excessivelywatar
N garment / mantletsubât-
N giftnidint- / niditt-
V to givenadânum
V to goalâkum
V to go upelûm
N godil- / ilat-
N goldkhurâts-
A gooddamqum / damiqtum
N governorshakn-
A greatrabûm/rabitum
A green / yellow-greenwarqum
V to guard / keepnatsârum
N handqât-
N headrîsh-
V to heal / give life tobullutsum
N heart / center / middlelibb-
A heavy / honored / important (person)kabtum / kabittum
N housebît-
Ianâku
Conj ifshumma
in, among, from within, withina
N interest (on capital)tsibt- (from wtsb)
N inundationrichitst-
N judgedayyân-
N judgement / legal casedîn-
N justicemishar-
N kingsharr-
N kingshipsharrût-
V to knowidûm
N lady, mistressbelt-
N landmât-
V to learn / teachlamâdum
V to livebalâtum
N lordbel-
V to be lost / destroyed / perishchalâqum
N lost objectchulq-
N male / manzikar- / zikr-
N manawîl-
N merchanttamkâr-
N milkshizb-
N motherumm-
N mouthpûm
N name / offspringshum-
N news / report / decisiontêm-
N nightmûsh-
not
notul
now / herewithanumma
N oath / lifenish-
N oilshamn-
A oldlabîrum
on, uponeli
on itelîshu
orû
N orchard / gardenkir- / kiri'-
N palaceekall-
V to passetêqum
N peoplenishû
V to perfect / completeshuklulum
A perfect, noblegitmâlum
V to pile up / heap upkamârum
N placeashr-
N plantshamm-
V to please / agreenagâsum
N possessionnamkûr- (from mkr)
N possessionbîsh-
A very costly / preciousshûqurum / shûqurtum
V to present / givesharâkum
N present / giftqîst-
N prince / noblerubâ'- / rub-
A prudentmushtâlum (from sh'l)
A pure / holyellum
V to put / place / setshakânum
V to put on / wearlabâshum
N queensharrat-
quicklyarchish
V to reach / arrive at / conquerkashâd-
V to sayqabûm
A scatteredsapchum / sapichtum
N seat / dwellingshubt-
A second / othershanûm / shanîtum
N seedzêr-
V to seizetsabâtum
V to send (a letter)shapârum
V to send (a person)tarâdum
N Shamash (sun-god)shamash
N share (of property)zitt-
V to shave / shave offgullubum
N sheepimmer-
N shekelshiql-
N shepherdrê' (from r'i)
N shepherdshiprê'ût-
A sick / difficult / painfulmartsum / marushtum
N silverkasp-
N sin / crime / punishmentarn-
N Sin ( moon-god)sin
V to sit / dwellwashâbum
N sky / heavensshamâ'û / shamû
N slave / servantward-
N slave-lockabbutt-
A smalltsechrum / tsechertum
N sonmâr-
V to speakdabâbum
V to speak / say / namezakârum
N staff / sceptrechatt-
V to stealsharâqum
N stelenar-
N strength of armsemûqân
A strong, powerfuldannum / dannatum
N (clay-)tablettupp-
N terrace-templegigun- / gigunâ'
thatullûm
thatshû / shuâti / shiâti
N thiefsharâq-
thisannûm
thoseshûnûti
N thousandlîm-
N threeshalsh-
N one thirdshalusht-
V to thrownadûm
toana
N toothshinn-
N toprîshân (dual)
N totality / entiretykal-
V to touchlapâtum
N tree / woodits-
N truth / justicekitt-
thus (says)umma
Thus / as followskî'am
until / as far as / together with / as long asadi
Pl. N watermâ'û (later, mû)
V to weigh out / payshaqâlum
what?mînum / minûm
Wheninûma
which / what?ajjûm
A whitepetsûm
who?mannum
Who / whom / whichsha
N wholeness / healthshulm-
Why?ana mînim / ammînim
V to be wideshadâlum
N wifeashshat-
A wild, fiercekadrum
N wild bullrîm-
N windshâr-
withitti
N womansinnisht-
N wordawât-
N workshipr-
N wrist / handritt-
V to writeshatârum
N yearshatt-
Language formalities