Language formalities
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Comparative study - Pronouns

This page compares various pronoun forms in different Semitic languages.

Independent (sentence subject)

PersonSingular/Dual/PluralHebrewUgariticAkkadianEgyptian
3mShû’huwašûntf
3fShîy’hiyašints
2mS’attah’attaattantk
2fS’att'’attiattintt
1Sanîy or ’anôkîy’anâ or ’anâkuanâkuink
 
3mPhêm or hêmmâhhum(u)šununtsn
3fPhên or hênnâhhi(n)našinantsn
2mP’attem’attum(u)attununttn
2fP’atten or ’attenâh attinanttn
1Panachnû or nachnû or ’a nînuinn

Dependent (sentence object)

PersonSingular/Dual/PluralHebrewUgariticAkkadianEgyptian
3mS’ôwtôwhuwatušûâtisw
3fS’ôwtâhhiyatišîâtisy
2mS’ôwte’attakâti or kâtatw
2fS’ôwtâk’attikâtitn
1S’ôwtîy’anâ or ’anâkujâtiwi
 
3mP’ôwtâmhumatušunûtisn
3fP’ôwtânhi(n)natišinâtisn
2mP’etekem’attum(u)kunûtitn
2fP’eteken kinâtitn
1P’ôwtânû niâtin

Suffix (appended to singular noun)

PersonSingular/Dual/PluralHebrewUgariticAkkadianEgyptian
3mS-ôw-hu-šu-f
3fS-âh-ha-ša-s
2mS-e-ka-ka-k
2fS-eke-ki-ki-t or -t
1S-îy-i (gen, acc: -ya)-i (gen: -ja)-i
 
3mP-âm-hum(u)-šunu-sn or -w
3fP-ân-hi(n)na-šina-sn or -w
2mP-ekem-kum(u)-kunu-tn or -tn
2fP-eken-ki(n)na-kina-tn or -tn
1P-ênû-na or -nû-ni-n

Suffix (appended to verb)

PersonSingular/Dual/PluralHebrewUgariticAkkadianEgyptian
3mS-hu or -w-hu-šu-f
3fS-hâ-ha-ši-s
2mS-kâ-ka-ka-k
2fS-k-ki-ki-t or -t
1S-nîy-ni-ni-i
 
3mP-hem or -m-hum(u)-šunûti-sn
3fP-n-hi(n)na-šinâti-sn
2mP-kem-kum(u)-kunûti-tn or -tn
2fP-ken-ki(n)na-kinâti-tn or -tn
1P-nû-na or -nû-niâti-n

In the above tables, the Hebrew has been shown as-is, for example without the vocalisation of k or t as kh or th.

Language formalities