Language formalities
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Required fonts

In order to display this page correctly, you will need the Egyptian glyph fonts developed by the Centre for Computer-aided Egyptological Research, Faculty of Theology, Utrecht University, Holland, and made available at a number of Internet locations including http://www.yare.org/egypt/glyphbasic fonts.htm. A Google search for "Glyphbasic font" will find several other links. Once you have downloaded the fonts, you will need to install them on your system. You will need the fonts if the letters after the word “Sample” below show in ordinary typeface - if the fonts have been correctly installed then when the page is refreshed you will see various glyphs instead of the letters.

Sample: AadDhxHXkqsS

Good reference works are:

A. Gardiner: Egyptian Grammar
Hardback, ISBN 0900416351, Griffith Institute
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J.P. Allen: Middle Egyptian: An Introduction to the Language and Culture of Hieroglyphs
Paperback, ISBN 0521774837, Cambridge University Press
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M. Collier & B. Manley: How to Read Egyptian Hieroglyphs
Hardback, ISBN 0520239490, University of California Press
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The columns in the remaining pages show:

  1. The glyph or alternate glyphs as appropriate
  2. The transliteration of the consonant group using standard conventions
  3. The Manuel de Codage convention for the consonant group
  4. The Gardiner references for the glyphs
Language formalities