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The Priestly Blessing - Numbers 6:22-27 - analysis of words used

 TranslationTransliteration
22. a) wayedabbêr - and he spoke, from dâbar, speak, Pi‘êl consecutive 3MS
b) Yahweh
c) ’el-môsheh - to Moses
d) lê’môr - saying (introduction to direct speech)
P wayedabbêr YHVH ’el-môsheh lê’môr
 
 
 

23. a) dabbêr - speak, from dâbar, speak, Pi‘êl imperative 2MS
b) ’el-’aharôn - to Aharon
c) we’el-banâyw - and to his sons
d) lê’môr - saying (introduction to direct speech)
a) kôh - thus / like this / in this manner
b) thebarekhû - you will bless, from bârakh, bless, Qal imperfect 2MP
c) ’eth-benêy yisrâ’êl - (namely) the children of Israel
d) ’âmôr - saying, from âmar, Qal active participle
e) lâhem - to them
dabbêr ’el-’aharôn we’el-banâyw lê’môr
 
 
 

kôh thebarekhû ’eth-benêy yisrâ’êl ’âmôr lâhem
 
 
 
 

24. a) yebârekhekhâ - may he bless you, from bârakh, bless, Pi‘êl imperfect (jussive) 3MS + suffix you singular
b) Yahweh
c) weyishmerekhâ - and may he keep you, from shâmar, keep, Qal imperfect (jussive) 3MS + suffix you singular
yebârekhekhâ YHVH weyishmerekhâ  
 
 
 
 

25. a) yâ’êr - may he cause to shine, from ’ôwr, be/become light, Hiphîyl imperfect (jussive) 3MS + suffix you singular
b) Yahweh
c) pânâyw - his face / countenance / presence
d) ’êleykhâ - to / towards you (singular)
e) wîychunnekhâ - and may he show favour to you, from chânan, show favour / be gracious, Qal imperfect (jussive) 3MS + suffix you singular
yâ’êr YHVH pânâyw ’êleykhâ wîychunnekhâ  
 
 
 
 
 
 

26. a) yissa’ - may he lift up, from nâsâ’, lift / carry / take / lift up, Qal imperfect (jussive) 3MS + suffix you singular
b) Yahweh
c) pânâyw - his face / countenance / presence
d) ’êleykhâ - to / towards you (singular)
e) weyâsêm - and ordain, from sûm/sîym, put / place / set / appoint / establish / make, Qal imperfect (jussive) 3MS + suffix you singular
f) lekhâ - to / for you
g) shâlôwm - peace / wholeness / well-being
yissa’ YHVH pânâyw ’êleykhâ weyâsêm lekhâ shâlôwm  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

27. a) wesâmû - they will establish, from sûm/sîym, put / place / set / appoint / establish / make, Qal perfect 3MP
b) ’eth-shemîy - (namely) my name
c) ‘al-benêy yisrâ’êl - over / upon the children of Israel
a) wa’anîy - and I (emphasised)
b) ’abârekhêm - I will bless them, from bârakh, bless, Pi‘êl imperfect 1S + suffix them
S wesâmû ’eth-shemîy ‘al-benêy yisrâ’êl
 
 

wa’anîy ’abârekhêm
 
 

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