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Psalm 121 - analysis of words used

 TranslationTransliteration
1. a) ’essa’ - from nâsâ’, lift / carry / take away - Qal imperfect 1S
b) ‘êynay - eyes
c) ’el - towards
d) hehârîym - the mountains

a) mê’ayin - from where? / whence?
b) yâbô’ - from bôw’, come (in) / go (in) - Qal imperfect 3MS
c) ‘ezrîy - my help

 
’essa’ ‘êynay ’el-hehârîym
 
 
 

mê’ayin yâbô’ ‘ezrîy
 
 

2. a) ‘ezrîy - my help
b) mê‘am - from with / from beside
c) Yahweh

a) ‘ôsêh - from ‘âsâh, do / make - active participle
b) shâmayim - the skies / heavens
c) vâ’ârets - and the earth

 
‘ezrîy mê‘am YHVH
 
 

‘ôsêh shâmayim vâ’ârets
 
 

3. a) ’al - negation
b) yittên - from nâthan, give / bestow / permit / grant - Qal imperfect 3MS
c) lammôwt - from môwt, slip / totter - Qal participle
d) raglekhâ - your foot

a) ’al - negation
b) yânûm - from nûwm, be drowsy / slumber - Qal imperfect 3MS
c) shômrekhâ - from shâmar, keep / preserve / guard - Qal participle + your

 
’al yittên lammôwt raglekhâ
 
 
 

’al yânûm shômrekhâ
 
 

4. a) hinnêh - Behold! / See!
b) lô’ - negation
c) yânûm - from nûwm, be drowsy / slumber - Qal imperfect 3MS
d) velô’ - (and) negation
e) yîyshân - from yâshan, sleep - Qal imperfect 3MS

a) shôwmêr - from shâmar, keep / preserve / guard - Qal participle
b) Israel

 
hinnêh lô’ yânûm velô’ yîyshân
 
 
 
 

shôwmêr yisrâ’êl
 

5. a) Yahweh
b) shômrekhâ - from shâmar, keep / preserve / guard - Qal participle + your

a) Yahweh
b) tsillekhâ - your shade / shadow (tsêl)
c) ‘al - at / upon / above
d) yad - hand
e) yemîynâkhâ - your right hand

 
YHVH shômrekhâ
 

YHVH tsillekhâ ‘al-yad yemîynâkhâ
 
 
 
 

6. a) yôwmâm - by day / in the daytime
b) hashshemesh - the sun
c) lô’ - negation
d) yakkekkâh - from nâkâh, strike / smite - Qal imperfect 3MF

a) veyârêach - and the moon
b) ballâylâh - in the night

 
yôwmâm hashshemesh lô’-yakekâh
 
 
 

veyârêach ballâylâh
 

7. a) Yahweh (emphasised)
b) yishmârekhâ - from shâmar, keep / preserve / guard - Qal imperfect 3MS + you as object
c) mikkol - from all
d) râ‘ - evil

a) yishmôr - from shâmar, keep / preserve / guard - Qal imperfect 3MS
b) ’eth - sentence object marker
c) naphshekhâ - your soul / life

 
YHVH yishmârekhâ mikkol-râ‘
 
 
 

yishmôr ’eth-naphshekhâ
 
 

8. a) Yahweh
b) yishmâr - from shâmar, keep / preserve / guard - Qal imperfect 3MS
c) tsê’thekhâ - from yâtsâ’, go / go out / go forth - infinitive construct + your
d) ûbô’ekhâ - from bôw’, come (in) / go (in) - infinitive construct + your

a) mê‘attâh - from this time / from now
b) ve‘ad - and into
c) ‘ôwlâm - for ever / eternity / indefinite / unending

 
YHVH yishmâr-tsê’thekhâ ûbô’ekhâ
 
 
 

mê‘attâh ve‘ad-‘ôwlâm
 
 

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