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Psalm 23 - analysis of words used

 TranslationTransliteration
1. mizemôwr ... masculine noun
ledâwid ... masculine personal name
YHWH ... masculine personal name
râ‘âh ... pasture/tend/graze ... Qal masculine participle + suffix
châçar ... lack/need/be lacking/decrease ... Qal imperfect 1ms
mizemôwr
ledâwid
YHWH
rô‘îy
lô’ ’echeçâr
2. nâ’wâh ... (1) beautify (2) journey to a destination/dwell/abide ... feminine noun form meadow/pasture (cstr)
dâshâ’ ... sprout/shoot/grow green/grow abundantly ... masculine noun form
râbats ... stretch oneself down/lie down ... Hiph'iyl imperfect 3ms + suffix
‘al-mêy ... construct form of masculine noun
nûch ... rest ... feminine noun plural form
nâhal ... lead/guide to rest-station/cause to rest/refresh ... Pi'el imperfect 3ms + suffix
bine’ôwth
deshe’
yarbîytsênîy
‘al-mêy
menuchôwth
yenahalênîy
3. nephesh ... feminine noun + suffix
shûb ... return/bring back, Po'lel imperfect 3ms
nâchâh ... lead/guide/direct kindly ... Hiph'iyl imperfect 3ms + suffix
‘âgal ... roll/hasten/be rounded hence masculine noun entrenchment/worn track as of wagon route
tsedeq ... masculine noun
lema‘an ... from masculine noun ma‘ameh
shem ... masculine noun + suffix
naphshîy
yeshôwbêb
yanechênîy
bema‘gelêy-
tsedeq
lema‘an
shemôw
4. hâlakh ... travel/go/come/walk ... Qal imperfect 1s
gêy’ ... masculine noun
tsêl ... masculine noun shadow, mâweth ... masculine noun death
yârê’ ... fear ... Qal imperfect 1s
râ‘ ... masculine noun
kîy-’attâh
‘immâdîy
shêbet ... masculine noun (active/military connotations of staff, shâbat related to smiting/rod/sceptre)
mish‘eneth ... feminine noun (passive/supporting connotations of staff, shâ‘an=lean upon/support)
hêmmâh
nâcham ... console/comfort/be compassionate ... Pi'el imperfect 3mp + suffix
gam kîy-’êlêkh
begêy’
tsalemâweth
lô’-’îyrâ’
râ‘
kîy-’attâh
‘immâdîy
shibtekhâ
ûmish‘antekhâ
hêmmâh
yenachamunîy
5. ‘ârakh ... arrange/set in order/set out ... Qal imperfect 2ms
pânîym - masculine noun (grammatically plural)
shulechân ... masculine noun from original meaning of skin or leather mat stretched out
neged
tsar ... masculine noun
dâshan ... be fat/grow fat/make ready as symbol of festivity or joy ... Pi'el perfect 2ms
shemen ... masculine noun
rô’sh ... masculine noun + suffix
kûç ... feminine noun + suffix
rewâyâh ... feminine noun
ta‘arôkh
lephânay
shulechân
neged
tsôrerây
dishshane
bashshemen
rô’shîy
kôwçîy
rewâyâh
6. ’akh
tôwb ... masculine noun
cheçed ... masculine noun
râdaph ... pursue/chase/persecute/attend closely to ... Qal imperfect 3mp + suffix
yôwm ... masculine noun (cstr)
chayyîym - masculine plural abstract noun + suffix
shâbat ... cease/desist/rest/sabbath ... Qal perfect (cons) 1ms
bayith ... masculine noun
’ôrekh ... masculine noun
yôwm ... masculine noun
’akh
tôwb
wâcheçed
yirdephûnîy
kol-yemêy
chayyây
weshabetîy
bebêyth-YHWH
le’ôrekh
yamîym
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